15# Pivot Point Method

Submit by JanuTrader 16/03/2010 (from Surefire Trading, Written by Mark McRaehttp://www.surefire-trading.com )

If the market opens above the pivot point then the bias for the day is long trades. If the market opens below the pivot point then the bias for the day is for short trades.

The three most important pivot points are R1, S1 and the actual pivot point.

The general idea behind trading pivot points are to look for a reversal or break of R1 or S1. By the time the market reaches R2,R3 or S2,S3 the market will already be overbought or oversold and these levels should be used for exits rather than entries.

A perfect set would be for the market to open above the pivot level and then stall slightly at R1 then go on to R2. You would enter on a break of R1 with a target of R2 and if the market was really strong close half at R2 and target R3 with the remainder of your position.

Unfortunately life is not that simple and we have to deal with each trading day the best way we can. I have picked a day at random from last week and what follows are some ideas on how you could have traded that day using pivot points.

On the 12th August 04 the Euro/Dollar (EUR/USD) had the following:
High - 1.2297
Low - 1.2213
Close - 1.2249

This gave us:

Resistance 3 = 1.2377
Resistance 2 = 1.2337
Resistance 1 = 1.2293
Pivot Point = 1.2253
Support 1 = 1.2209
Support 2 = 1.2169
Support 3 = 1.2125

Have a look at the 5 minute chart below

The green line is the pivot point. The blue lines are resistance levels R1,R2 and R3. The red lines are support levels S1,S2 and S3.

There are loads of ways to trade this day using pivot points but I shall walk you through a few of them and discuss why some are good in certain situations and why some are bad.

The Breakout Trade

At the beginning of the day we were below the pivot point, so our bias is for short trades. A channel formed so you would be looking for a break out of the channel, preferably to the downside. In this type of trade you would have your sell entry order just below the lower channel line with a stop order just above the upper channel line and a target of S1. The problem on this day was that, S1 was very close to the breakout level and there was just not enough meat in the trade (13 pips). This is a good entry technique for you. Just because it was not suitable this day, does not mean it will not be suitable the next day.


The Pullback Trade

This is one of my favorite set ups. The market passes through S1 and then pulls back. An entry order is placed below support, which in this case was the most recent low before the pullback. A stop is then placed above the pullback (the most recent high - peak) and a target set for S2. The problem again, on this day was that the target of S2 was to close, and the market never took out the previous support, which tells us that, the market sentiment is beginning to change



Breakout of Resistance

As the day progressed, the market started heading back up to S1 and formed a channel (congestion area). This is another good set up for a trade. An entry order is placed just above the upper channel line, with a stop just below the lower channel line and the first target would be the pivot line. If you where trading more than one position, then you would close out half your position as the market approaches the pivot line, tighten your stop and then watch market action at that level. As it happened, the market never stopped and your second target then became R1. This was also easily achieved and I would have closed out the rest of the position at that level.



As I mentioned earlier, there are lots of ways to trade with pivot points. A more advanced method is to use the cross of two moving averages as a confirmation of a breakout. You can even use combinations of indicators to help you make a decision. It might be the cross of two averages and also MACD must be in buy mode. Mess around with a few of your favorite indicators but remember the signal is a break of a level and the indicators are just confirmation.



We haven't even got into patterns around pivot levels or failures but that is not the point of this lesson. I just want to introduce another possible way for you to trade.



Strategi Pivot Point

Pivot Point adalah cara lain yang sering digunakan untuk menentukan level Support & Resistance dalam range 1 hari perdagangan. Kelebihan pivot point dibanding metoda Support & Resistance yang lain yaitu setiap trader diseluruh dunia mengunakan rumus yang sama untuk menghitung pivot sehingga pivot merupakan level psikologi pasar yang paling sering digunakan oleh para trader untuk membuat keputusan. 



Prinsip dasar Pivot yaitu :

• Biasanya bila harga dibuka di atas pivot maka secara psikologis harga akan naik (meskipun tidak selalu) begitu juga sebaliknya.

• Harga cenderung berusaha untuk menembus level-level pivot, support & resistance.

• Bila momentum kuat maka harga akan menembus pivot menuju support atau resistancetetapi bila momentum lemah maka harga akan berbalik arah.

• Bila harga tidak menyentuh pivot biasanya harga cenderung menjauhi pivot.


Pada kenyataannya harga tidak selalu mengikuti prinsip Pivot Point. Seperti terlihat pada gambar di bawah ini. 


Pada lingkaran kuning dan pink terlihat indikasi bahwa secara teori harga seharusnya bergerak ke R1 tapi pada kenyataannya harga tidak pernah menyentuh R1. Karenanya penggunaan sistem pivot perlu dibantu dengan indikator lain.

Umumnya Pivot lebih sering dijadikan acuan untuk level exit (Target Point) dibandingkan sebagai acuan entry


• Gunakanlah Breakout Strategi (akan dijelaskan di bawah) untuk entry.

• Tentukan target point pada level-level pivot.

• Jika harga menyentuh level target maka ada dua kemungkinan, harga akan menembus level menuju level selanjutnya atau berbalik arah. Pilihan Anda yaitu exit atau pindahkan Stop Loss.

• Sebaiknya gunakan indikator tambahan sebagai pendukung untuk melihat kekuatan harga menembus pivot, support atau resistance 



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